Eating disorders are a variety of psychological disorders which feature disturbed or abnormal eating habits.
There are three different types of eating disorders. People who develop any of the different types of eating disorders become obsessed with their body weights. They spend a lot of time considering calories consumed, how many grams of fat are in certain foods and drinks and how much exercise is needed in order to burn desired amounts of calories.
Quite often, their obsessions are subconsciously utilized in order to take the focus away from troublesome emotions and circumstances. These feelings and situations are actually at their root of their psychological problems.
Eating disorders tend to give sufferers a sense of control which is false. Conversely, these disorders may sometimes cause feelings of being out of control which are unpleasant and frightening.
Frequently, these disorders may be successfully treated, usually via combination therapy, which includes a treatment plan from a medical team and therapy from a psychologist or psychiatrist.
Today, we’d like to share information about the different types of eating disorders.
Anorexia Nervosa is Very Serious
This eating disorder causes the sufferer to become afraid of food and to embark on extreme dieting which leads to weight loss which may become life-threatening.
Those who live with Anorexia Nervosa do not see their bodies in a realistic light. Their images of how their bodies look are distorted. As well, they experience fear of weight gain which is obsessive and excessive.
This fear of obesity remains, even when their own body weights are so low as to put their lives at risk.
Sadly, anorexics may tie their own self-esteem to body weight. They overvalue thinness and sometimes, their obsession with being thin stops them from understanding how serious their eating disorders are.
People with Anorexia Nervosa are advised to seek out treatment as soon as possible. It’s easier to treat this disorder in its initial stages, although treatment is always possible.
Women are 20 times more likely to develop Anorexia Nervosa than men are.
Binge-Eating Disorder is Quite Common
2.8 percent of USA citizens will suffer from BED (Binge-Eating Disorder) at some point during their lives. This type of eating disorder is characterized by binge eating which continues for at least three months. While more women have this disorder than men, it’s the eating disorder which is most common among males.
People who have this disorder will frequently consume big quantities of food, but won’t purge afterwards. A BED sufferer may notice a sense of loss of control while he or she is binge-eating.
As well, the person with the disorder may experience intense shame (in addition to guilt), in relation to the binge-eating.
Signals that binge-eating has progressed to BED levels include eating with no real sense of hunger, eating to the point where the body is uncomfortable or eating on one’s own, due to feelings of shame and/or guilt.
This type of compulsive eating may lead to depression, anxiety and pronounced, unhealthy weight gain.
Bulimia Nervosa Involves Binge-eating and Purging
In the case of Bulimia Nervosa, 1.1 to 4.2 percent of females grapple with this binge-and-purge eating disorder at some time during their lives. This statistic comes from the National Institute of Mental Health. A little under fifty percent of patients with this eating disorder have co-morbid mood disorders. Over half have co-morbid anxiety disorders.
One in ten patients with this disorder has a substance abuse problem (most commonly, alcohol abuse).
People who have Bulimia Nervosa consume big amounts of food and then engage in behaviors which are designed to stop weight gain. For example, they may induce vomiting to get rid of the food. While they are binge-eating, they will feel that they don’t have control over what they are doing. Self-esteem or lack thereof will be linked strongly with body image.
Help Is Always Available
If you suspect that you may have one of the different types of eating disorders, please talk to your family doctor today. He or she knows how to help.
When you do reach out, you’ll be making the bravest possible choice.